Malacca rose rising from a humble fishing village to become a major center of the spice trade forming a vital link between the east and the west Malaysia. Malacca is rich with many histories. In fact,the earliest written records of the country made reference to the Malacca peninsula,instead of the Malay peninsula of Malaya.Since its founding by 1400,by a fleeing Sumatra prince,Parameswara. The journey with Parameswara made during his flight to escape the wrath of the emperor of Majapahit, whom he had unsuccessfully tried to overthrown. At the height of its power,the Sultan of Malacca extended it’s border over the whole peninsula to encompass patani in the north and on the west right into the neighboring island of Sumatra,Aru,Rokan,Siak,Kampar and Inderagiri. This was during the mid of 1400. According to a popular legend,Parameswara was resting under a gray tree near a river while hunting,when one of his dogs concerned a mouse deer. In self defense,the mouse deer pushed the dog into the river. Impressed by the courage of the deer and Parameswara decided on the spot to found an empire on the very place that he was sitting.He named malacca after the tree under which he had taken shelter. Malacca name comes from the Tamil word “Mallakka“ which is mean upside down or on ones back.

In 1511 the first of many foreign invansions of Malacca took place when the Portuguese arrived. The Portuguese were determined to control the east and west trade center until 1641 when the Portuguese surrender Malacca to the dutch. The dutch who had a stronger foothold over the Indonesia archipelago swing the trade center over to Sumatra. In the mean time,Malacca trade also declined due to the silting of it’s part. In 1795 Malacca was given to the British to prevent it from falling to the hands of French, where the Netherlands was captured during the French revolution. By the time British took over in 1824, the focus of the trade has shifted from Malacca to Singapore and Penang. Malacca however becomes the focal again during the struggle of the independence after the Japanese during the second world war and the British colonial period that followed. So when Malaya gained its independence,it was only fitting that the declaration of independence was proclaimed in Malacca,where it all began. In 1989 Malacca has been declared as Malaysia history city.

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